There is a wide range of commonly available methods of contraception. All those methods have their advantages and disadvantages, so it is worth discussing this subject with a specialist. The choice of the right contraceptive should be preceded with a gynaecological examination and tests. Modern methods of contraception are long-term and include a subcutaneous implant or an intrauterine device (IUD). The implant is active for 3 years and after that time it should be replaced with a new one. Intrauterine device combines the function of a traditional coil and contraceptive pills, its action depends on the type of the IUD and it may be effective for up to 3 or 5 years. Remember that in order for contraception to be effective and safe you should visit a specialist who will help you choose the most appropriate method.
Currently, the most effective methods of contraception for men are a condom or vasectomy. It is worth noting that vasectomy is a reversible procedure, which means that vasectomy reversal will restore man’s fertility. The procedure has no negative effect on the quality of sexual life, hormonal balance or health of a man. Currently new methods of male contraception are being developed, including hormonal injections and hormonal pills. However, despite promising research results these methods have not been put to market yet.